By Stephen Turnbull

I used to be dissatisfied with the 1st quantity so I behind schedule earlier than examining the second one. It was once an errors. This was once a way more stress-free to learn and turns out to have extra content material. while I felt the Prussian quantity skimped on all however the structure and the association simply because anything was once right merely to a different sequence just like the Campaigns, this quantity tells you even more concerning the background, and the tale of those castles is attention-grabbing. you will not locate a lot written approximately Baltic background and Turnbull is a smart tale teller. I merely want it used to be two times the size. hugely suggested.

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Extra info for Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560

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This worked to their advantage later when the assault began, because the embankment was icy and slippery, and no one could get a foothold there. The Christians were thus unable to reach the wall, even though they tried hard enough. Similar techniques continued to be used wherever timber structures were still to be found, as at Terweden in 1281: They plundered and ravaged the surrounding areas ... The next day a siege tower was devised, erected and moved forward to the moat... Many cartloads of wood were brought up to fill the moat, and then it was all ignited.

A few days after the brothers had ridden to meet him they advised him to inspect the land, so he rode through Livonia. He found many good castles there, well defended by brothers. T h e castle as economic centre The world of the Teutonic Order embraced commerce along with prayer and warfare. The economic base was agriculture and trade, and the proceeds of agricultural activity made their way into the castle in the form of taxes. One of the advantages possessed by the Order were their cogges: round-bottomed sailing ships that carried bulk cargo so safely and cheaply that German merchants were able to undersell all competitors and make the Baltic Sea into practically a German lake.

ABOVE The south face of the ruins of Wenden (Cesis), the headquarters of the Swordbrothers and for many years the headquarters of the Livonian Branch of the Teutonic Knights. On the left is the West Tower, which has a square cross section in its lower half and a circular artillery tower on top. On the right is the so-called 'Lange Hermann' tower. 28 RIGHT The great round North Tower of Wenden (Cesis), viewed from the ravine that protects the castle. tower also lay at one of the corners. It was much larger than Holm, and is described in detail below.

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