By Assefaw Bariagaber

Some of the most severe threats to peace, defense and the sovereignty of countries within the post-Cold warfare period is inhabitants migration. a very risky kind of this possibility is the worldwide refugee challenge and nowhere is that this factor extra serious than in Africa. This ebook bargains a finished research of refugee adventure within the Horn of Africa. It contains an exam of the dynamics of flight from the rustic of starting place, cost in exile and repatriation to the rustic of foundation. Such an integrative strategy units this booklet except different reports and may function a reader for classes on ethno-national conflicts, migration, overseas politics, protection and African politics.

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Extra info for Conflict And the Refugee Experience: Flight, Exile, And Repatriation in the Horn of Africa (Contemporary Perspectives on Developing Societies) (Contemporary Perspectives on Developing Societies)

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1989, 9–11). Similarly, many refugees fled Nazi Germany during the 1930s. After the Second World War, most ethnic Germans living in central and Eastern Europe left for Germany either on their own volition or were expelled by the newly instituted governments. After the 1950s, the refugee exit from Eastern Europe continued on a much smaller scale and remained negligibly low until 1989, when a new and massive flow of refugees began because of the inability of the Communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe to maintain the strict controls they had imposed during the previous forty years.

3 million during the same time period. 1). The stability of world refugee numbers suggests a simultaneous refugee formations and repatriations around the world. These include refugee flights and repatriations from such countries as Afghanistan, Cambodia, Nicaragua, and others. Although there were some refugee repatriations in Africa, as in Mozambique, refugee flights remained much more intense and more frequent. Thus, when one looks at world refugee numbers closely, there was a quasi–balance between the numbers of those who joined the ranks of the refugee and those who repatriated.

Unfortunately, it has become a victim of unseen, indeed unexpected, centrifugal forces of ‘segmentary clanism’ and an unenviable example of a failed African state, where state structures have collapsed and replaced by warlordism reminiscent of feudal Europe a few hundred years ago. The absence of state protection, coupled with clan segmentation that permeates Somali daily lives, has given rise to various clan–based warlords. They have successfully established feudal–like patron–client relationships based on mutually agreed, probably unwritten and unspoken arrangements, whereby the warlords promised protection of the clan in return for loyalty and political allegiance.

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