By Knut Andreas Bergsvik, Robin Skeates
Caves in Context presents the thriving inter-disciplinary box of cave reports with a European-scale survey of present examine in cave archaeology. it really is unified via a modern theoretical emphasis at the cultural value and variety of caves over area and time. Caves and rockshelters are chanced on all over the place Europe, and feature usually been occupied by means of human teams, from prehistory correct as much as the current day. a few seem to have merely strains of brief occupations, whereas others comprise deep cultural deposits, indicating longer and a number of occupations. particularly, there's nice variability of their human use, either secular and sacred. the purpose of this e-book is to discover the a number of significances of those average areas in a number of chronological, spatial, and cultural contexts throughout Europe. the amount demonstrates, via a variety of archaeological methods and examples, that cave stories, whist unavoidably focussed, is usually of value to wider, modern, archaeological study agendas, really while a contextual technique is followed. The booklet is additionally of relevance to different students operating within the similar fields of speleology, earth sciences, panorama reviews, and anthropology, which jointly contain the inter-disciplinary box of cave reports.
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Additional info for Caves in Context: The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe
These sites – perhaps mainly the ones that already had been used for dwelling – were sought out in order to use them as primary or secondary burial sites. Conclusions From these discussions it seems clear that caves and rockshelters in western Norway played a modest role for the Mesolithic populations – and no role whatsoever during the first 1500 years. They are few compared to the sites that are found in the open, and they are also generally smaller and have thinner deposits. Still, it would be a mistake to disregard them for these reasons.
Once published, Viste became important for the understanding of subsistence, hunting techniques, and tool industry in a North European comparative perspective. Some years later, more Mesolithic shelters were reported from Rogaland (H. Gjessing 1920, 84–163), but, due to the lack of comparative data outside the caves in this early period, little was said about the roles of the caves and rockshelters for the overall settlement pattern by Gjessing or in the overviews of the 1920s by Shetelig (1922) and Brøgger (1925).
X – X 8 Skipshelleren Fjord Rockshelter 1930–31 300 94 50 not sieved 20 5300–4000* N, BA, IA X X X 9 N. Grødalsvatn (lok. 2) Mount. Boulder 1978 15 Test-pit 30 4mm c. 5 130 2mm 28 5600–4800* IA X – X 12 Fana Coast Rockshelter 1979 c. 10 4 30 4mm c. 40 6200–5900* N – – – 13 Øvste Dåvatræhelleren Coast Rockshelter 1995–96 100 6 80 4mm 25 7950–4000* N, BA, IA X – X 14 Haukanes (lok. 5) Coast Rockshelter 2001 15 Test-pits 15 8000–4000 IA – – – Sandvik (lok. 2) Coast Rockshelter 2001 40 Test-pit 20 c.
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