By Herbert N. Foerstel

From colonial instances to the current, the media in the United States has been topic to censorship demanding situations and laws. This accomplished reference advisor to media censorship offers in-depth insurance of every media format?newspapers, magazines, films, radio, tv, and the Internet?all of that have been, and remain, battlegrounds for First modification matters. each one media layout is tested in-depth, from its origins and historical past via its smooth improvement, and contours dialogue of landmark incidents and instances. Foerstel, writer of Banned within the united states, the acclaimed reference consultant to ebook censorship in faculties and public libraries, bargains a quick historical past of media censorship, examines in-depth the drama of 7 landmark incidents, and contains 31 appropriate lawsuits. Complementing the quantity are own interviews with popular sufferers of media censorship, who provide human voice to the fight of the media to stay loose, and an exam of censorship of the scholar press. interesting examples of media censorship abound, from Peter Zengers prerevolutionary trial for seditious libel to the fashionable tobacco industrys invocation of tortious interference to silence tv information and the present rash of web censorship incidents. bankruptcy 1 deals a short background of censorship of every of the media kinds. bankruptcy 2 gains indepth research of 7 landmark media censorship incidents: the trial of John Peter Zenger, H. L. Mencken and the hatrack case, John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, innovative magazines expos^De at the H-bomb mystery, govt labeling of 3 documentary motion pictures as political propaganda, televisions tobacco wars, and Carnegie Mellons try and censor scholars entry to the net. bankruptcy three examines 31 media censorship lawsuits from 1735 to 1997. bankruptcy four positive factors specific interviews with media figures concerned about censorship concerns or cases?Paul Jarrico, Howard Morland, Peter Sussman, Daniel Schorr, Walter Cronkite, and Jerry Berman. Appendix A takes a glance at censorship and reaction concerning the scholar press throughout the Nineties, after the landmark Hazelwood determination in 1988?an very important subject for college kids in each highschool. Appendix B encompasses a source record of media advocacy and censorship businesses. a particular bibliography of books and digital assets completes the textual content. This quantity is of curiosity to highschool and school scholars, academics, librarians and students, and all those people who are laid low with those the most important First modification matters.

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When he got back to his office, there was a message for him from a longtime friend at the agency warning him not to lose his temper again in front of influential people. ' " Years later, Goodson recalled the "dark terror ofthe television blacklisting days" and admitted that most of those who had been caught in the middle of the storm had developed fuzzy memories-perhaps deliberately. "We dig into our consciences to examine the part we played in that shameful era," said Goodson. "Like the French after the liberation, we all claim to have been part of the resistance....

In a chilling warning of things to come, powerful Hollywood producer Louis B. Mayer urged the committee to produce legislation to get the leftists out of the motion-picture industry. As it turned out, legislation was unnecessary, because a new political force, blacklisting, was emerging as an ominous method to control the workforce in Hollywood and censor its products. Under political pressure from conservatives in Congress and the business community, the Hollywood studios began to fire any writers, directors or performers whose names appeared on "undesirable" lists prepared by anticommunist organizations.

Bryant's bill, regarded by many as unconstitutional, failed, but Markey's V-chip bill was eventually passed as part of the 1996 Telecommunications Bill. Markey's bill not only required all television sets to contain a computer chip allowing parents to block objectionable programming, but required the development of a ratings system to guide parents in the use of the chip. If the industry did not produce a ratings system acceptable to the FCC within one year, a politically appointed commission would establish rules for rating violence and other objectionable content.

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