By John Orna-Ornstein

Common font archaeology can be defined because the research of every little thing some time past. humans, animals, vegetation, climate, struggle, peace, nutrition, garments, artwork, structure, ideals and ideas - you identify it, and a few archaeologists, someplace, are learning it. they're on their knees in a muddy trench painstakingly uncovering a pot, or a few human bones. they're working the main state of the art laptop apparatus, CAT scanners and electron scanning microscopes or they're surveying the floor from planes. they're in a museum, rigorously cataloguing the main valuable - or traditional! - relics of the previous. This e-book goals to exhibit the significance, the diversity and the thrill of archaeology.

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Today, that fog has cleared a little, and our understanding of even the distant past is increasing. But there is still much we don't know. In many cases we know reasonably well what people in the past did but have little understanding of why they did it. Explaining, as well as describing, human behavior has become the focus for archaeology in the 21st century. 39 Further reading Index Avi-Yonah, Michael. Dig This! How Archaeologists Uncover Our Past. Minneapolis: Runestone, 1993. Donoughue, Carol.

The fog clears Only 200 years ago a Danish scholar called Rasmus Nyerup (1759-1829) wrote that we knew so little about the time before the Greeks and Romans that it was 'wrapped in a thick fog'. Today, that fog has cleared a little, and our understanding of even the distant past is increasing. But there is still much we don't know. In many cases we know reasonably well what people in the past did but have little understanding of why they did it. Explaining, as well as describing, human behavior has become the focus for archaeology in the 21st century.

Should they be returned to Egypt and Greece? Millions of objects from the past are in museums and private collections around the world. But who really owns them? The people who have them now or the descendants of the people they once belonged to? A number of museums have returned the bones of people, such as Australian Aboriginals or New Zealand Maoris, to their modern descendants. Some governments are now demanding that museums or individuals return many other objects that were taken from their countries in the past.

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