By ACI Committee 314
Summary: (For constructions of restricted dimension and top, according to ACI 318-11 and IPS-1, "Essential standards for bolstered Concrete Buildings"
This advisor provides simplified equipment and layout innovations that facilitate and velocity the engineering of low-rise constructions inside of sure boundaries. fabric is gifted in an order that follows common layout strategy with approaches brought because the fashion designer will want them during a development layout.
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Extra resources for 314R-11 Guide to Simplified Design for Reinforced Concrete Builidings
Since the primary measure used to predict the value of automation solutions is ROI, it is appropriate to look at the implications of the capital budget processes associated with automation solutions with respect to ROI. The chart in Figure 3-4 provides a simplified perspective of ROI. The fundamental basis for the ROI calculation is that the capital project has both initial and ongoing costs along with economic benefit associated with the effective deployment and operation of the automation solution.
For the purposes of understanding the impact of capital budget processes on the value of automation technology, this high level perspective will suffice. The executive teams of industrial companies typically develop and maintain an ongoing Strategic Plan that defines how the company will succeed in their markets over time. The Strategic Plan may have a time horizon of three to ten years, depending on market dynamics (Figure 3-1). Prior to the start of each fiscal year, the executive team develops an Annual Operating Plan for the following year.
To develop the budgetary quotation, the automation suppliers typically need some high-level scoping data, such as number of analog inputs, digital inputs, analog outputs, digital outputs, controllers, and displays. Since the project has not yet been approved, the plant engineers will typically establish these scoping criteria by counting the equivalent items in the existing installed system. In other words, they essentially define the scope of the new automation solution based on the same functionality as in the installed system.
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